Where did Utopia come from?
The idea of Utopia was first mentioned in Plato's "Republic" around 400 BC. As a famous Greek thinker he described a perfect community, dividing people into rigid 'ranks'. The 'Golden' group who spent 50 years learning how to rule commanded the 'Silver', 'Bronze', and 'Iron' groups who had other clear responsibilities laid out for them. In the 16th century, Sir Thomas More's book Utopia proposed an ideal society of the same name, a work intended to reveal more about the England of his time than about an idealistic society. It was partially a satire on the times in which he lived. More was killed by Henry VIII.
There have been many versions of 'Utopia' published. One could include a number of the thinkers from Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche to Karl Marx, and so on, who wrote about their version of 'Utopia'.
The Jewish, Christian, and Islamic ideas of the Garden of Eden and of Heaven or Paradise may be considered as forms of Utopia. Other examples see people striking a balance with technology used to enhance the human living condition (e.g. Star Trek). In place of the static perfection of a utopia, libertarian transhumanists envision an Extropia.
So why Utopia Three?
It might be the ultimate in hubris but I have started to expand on ideas of a better means of managing ourselves as we move into the 3rd millennium. I have done this in the light of debates with others as to the current state of societies across the planet, and the 2016 political traumas in England and America.
Quite right, nice idea, but how can you do that when so many different voices are putting forward their own ideas? "And what is so special about your ideas?"
That is what I would like to explain here.
Generally this places emphasis on principles of equality in justice, economics, and government with the structure of those proposals based on the views of the authors. In Greek Utopia means 'no-place'. It represents a society which 'could be', not one which exists, and forms a basis for discussion.
This is envisaged as an open, evolving society allowing individuals and voluntary groupings to form the institutions and social forms they prefer.
This is an ideology based on the premise that advances in science and technology will eventually bring about a utopia, or at least help to fulfil one or another utopian ideal. A techno-utopia is therefore a hypothetical ideal society, in which laws, government, and social conditions are solely operating for the benefit and well-being of all its citizens.